COMMITTEES OF BUGMUN 2020
The Security Council is one of the principal organs of the United Nations. It is comprised of 15 member states that collectively function in order to identify and mitigate threats to international peace and security and calls upon the parties to settle disputes through pacific manners. However the Security Council also has the provision to impose sanctions and armed forces in situations where necessary in order to restore international peace and stability.
The United Nations (UN) Disarmament and International Security Committee (DISEC), also referred to as the First Committee, is a forum to discuss issues of peace and security. According to the UN charter the general purpose of DISEC is to establish “general principles of cooperation in the maintenance of international peace and security, including the principles governing disarmament and the regulation of armaments” and also to give “recommendations with regard to such principles to the Members or to the Security Council.”
Created by the United Nations General Assembly on 15 March 2006 by resolution 60/251, the Human Rights Council is responsible for strengthening the promotion and protection of human rights throughout the planet. It is also responsible for addressing the human rights situation and give recommendations to alleviate the conditions. The Council is made up of 47 United Nations Member States which are elected by the UN General Assembly
The United Nations High Commissioner on Refugees is a global refugee organization dedicated to serve refuges in order to protect their rights and provide a better future. It is involved in accessing the conditions of refugees, stateless and displaced people around the globe and drawing out solutions in order to help them get access to food, shelter, education and other basic commodities. Since its creation in 1950 as an aftermath of the Second World War, the UNHCR has played crucial roles in improving the lives of millions of refugees worldwide.
The World Health Organization came into force on 7 April 1948; the date is now celebrated as the world health day. It is a specialized agency of the United Nations involved in working to maintain international public health. It makes sure of this agenda through making and publishing research materials, preparations of emergency capacities, Preventing and treating communicable and no communicable diseases and spreading awareness about public health issues.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries. With 29 member states it is NATO’s purpose to NATO’s guarantee the freedom and security of its members through political and military means. It is a political and military alliance that works through collective defense and Trans Atlantic links to establish their agenda of security for all states that are members.
The Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) is a global body dedicated to the equality and empowerment of women. It was established by ECOSOC resolution 11(II) of 21 June 1946. The committee promotes political commitment to allow gender equality, general discussions on the status of women and hurdles faced, expert panel discussions to allow problem solving and reports on the status of discussions in order to better empower women worldwide.
The Third Committee of the General Assembly, known as the Social, Humanitarian and Cultural Committee (SOCHUM), is a United Nations body that focuses on a diverse range of topics in the social and cultural frameworks. Furthermore the committee discusses the advancement of women, the protection of children, indigenous issues, the treatment of refugees, the promotion of fundamental freedoms through the elimination of racism and racial discrimination, and the right to self- determination. This Committee has had the high records of collaboration with other committees such as the FAO( Food and Agricultural Organization), UNESCO and UNICEF. This Committee is one that includes all the member states of the UN and therefore effectively acts as the global ground for exchange of ideas and means of communication
The WTO organization is one for trade opening. Formed as a consequence of negotiations, the WTO is a body that governs trade negotiations. It is a global ground to discuss and settle trade disputes the committee also supports the provision of international trade rules that ensure safe and fair trade for parties involved. The WTO believes that trade disputes can be solved through interpretations and on the basis of agreed legal foundations. The committee hopes to attain the greater purpose of the UN through non-discriminative, open, fair and environmentally friendly trade policies.
In the Continuous Crisis committee delegates will be able to step beyond the rules and boundaries of the conventional MUN committees. The delegates of this committee will be given an urgent situation that needs immediate solution for maintenance of regional and global peace. This committee is one that tests the skills crafting strategies and drawing effective directives that will alleviate the crisis at hand. This committee is highly demanding and delegates of this committee are required to be highly analytical while using the creative side of their mind to channel negotiations and fruitful discussions.
The International Press is the body with the responsibility of sharing information between committees and the outside world. It is effectively a bridge between the delegates of the different committee discussing important global agendas. The IP is different in process compared to the other MUN committees because it is given the responsibility of publishing ethical and valuable news that provide a positive impact. With the proper effort and dedication any International Press Correspondent can play a major role in channeling the committee discussion. The responsibilities of the International Press are diverse in nature as the correspondents are expected to use several mediums to gather and present the information collected.
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is an international environment treaty adopted on 9 May 1992. It is formed on the basis of the UN Climate Change policy and has an almost universal membership ratio. The UNFCCC discuss the impact of climate change in order to maintain climate sustainability. It mainly focuses on meeting at regular intervals to discuss the obligations of member states in accordance to the protocol and to consider further actions in order to combat climate change.
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